Duchy of Pineland

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Duchy of Pineland

Diùcachd na Pineland
Principality of the Northern Forests Outpost
Location of the Duchy of Pineland in Scotland (click on map for a larger viewing area)
Location of the Duchy of Pineland in Scotland
(click on map for a larger viewing area)
The Flag of the Duchy of Pineland
Flag
The Coat of Arms of the Duchy of Pineland
Coat of arms
Motto(s): 
Strong Oars Forward
CountryPrincipality of the Northern Forests
Grand DuchyGrand Duchy of Deodara
Founded2020
Founded byDuke William of Pineland
GovernmentMonarchy
Government
 • Duke of PinelandWilliam of Pineland
Population
 (2020)
 • Total2
Time zoneUTC+0 (Western European Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (GMT/UTC)
UK
ML11
Area code(s)+44
E-Mail Addressduchy.pineland@northernforests.info

The Duchy of Pineland was established on 08 May 2020 by Duke William of Pineland as a Principality outpost located in a remote area of Scotland in the British Iles. A Duchy in regards to the Principality of the Northern Forests is a domain ruled by a Duchess or a Duke - a high-ranking nobleman hierarchically third to the Princess. This is part of the Duke of Pineland's estates and managed autonomously by him. There are permanent subjects that live at the estate year round not including the Duke of Pineland. Like all the outpost lands in the Principality of the Northern Forests, access is restricted and illegal entry may result in common law arrest and deportation to Scottish law enforcement for criminal trespassing charges.

History

The Flag of the Duchy of Pineland flying over the Ravens Banner Flag in the Duchy of Pineland.

The Duchy of Pineland was founded in 2020 so its history is limited. However, the lands it occupies has a long history and has been inhabited by Noble Houses for centuries. The history in the area goes back to the end of the Roman Occupation when Gaelic Kings ruled the area and the Nobles paid homage to the Kingdom of Strathclyde until 1030 C.E. and then the Kings of Scotland thereafter.

Pine Tree Mythology

During the Roman invasion of Scotland, the legions would have been met by forests full of large Pine trees, a tree they considered as the emblem of virginity. Early Europeans believed the Pine had supernatural powers and regarded as sacred. In the book: Cultus Arborum, it is said, “the pine of Silesia” possessed great healing power. The now historical region of Sibesia is located mostly in Poland, with parts in the Czech Republic and Germany.

Duke William of Pineland descends in part from that very region, where recent populations can claim genetic heritage from the Corded Ware culture who settled there.[1] The Duke is also descended from the eastern European Steppe and the Middle East, called the Yamnaya. Today, the sacred pine grows on the Duchy of Pineland estate, along with other native Scottish species of trees and shrubs – including alder, ash, birch, elder, hazel, oak, willow, and others.

Climate

The Duchy of Pineland experiences a maritime climate with cool summers and mild winters, with a much smaller annual temperature range. This is because water has a much higher heat capacity than soil and rock. Seawater takes a long time to warm up in summer, but once heated it retains its energy long after the surrounding land has cooled down, helping to moderate the climate. Maritime climates generally are fairly humid, accompanied by considerable amounts of precipitation, since the main moisture source is not very far away.

It has prevailing southwesterly winds from the Atlantic Ocean. The maritime air masses that influence this part of the world are particularly mild on account of the warming influence of the Gulf Stream. In terms of the local climate profile, the Duchy of Pineland's inland, rural setting means frost is common, although there is considerable variation within the area. To the east of the Duchy frost has been recorded in all months; Typically almost 100 nights will report a frost per year, and even in a statistically average year the temperature should fall to as low as −14.3 °C (6.3 °F) on the coldest night.

Geography

Duchy of Pineland is located in the valley of the river Clyde, which crosses the county from the north-west to south-east. It is predominantly flat and agricultural, rising to the south with the Lowther Hills of the Southern Uplands, with Culter Fell on the border with Peeblesshire being the highest point at 748 m (2,454 ft). To the east a small portion of the Pentland Hills lie. To the far south lies the Daer Reservoir. The North is dominated by the Glasgow conurbation though some small bodies of water can be found such as the Roughrigg Reservoir, Lilly Loch, Hillend Reservoir, Forrestburn Reservoir and Black Loch.

Geology

This is a rift valley mainly comprising Palaeozoic formations. Many of these sediments have economic significance for it is here that the coal and iron bearing rocks that fuelled the area's intense volcanism. The nearby area is the remnant of a once much larger volcano active in the Carboniferous period about 340 million years ago. As a result of ice age glaciers, drumlins were formed, and many hills have a crag and tail landform.[2]

Vegetation

The area incorporates both deciduous and coniferous woodlands, and moorland, montane, estuarine, freshwater, oceanic, and tundra landscapes.[3] There are still remnants of the native Scots Pine woodlands that can be found in the vacinity and other places. Grasses and sedges are common everywhere except dune systems (where marram grass may be locally abundant) and stony mountain tops and plateaux.

References

  1. 4. Haak, W. et al., (2005) Massive migration from the steppe was a source for indo-European languages in Europe. Nature, 522 (7555)
  2. Donner, J. J. (1958). XI.—The Geology and Vegetation of Late-glacial Retreat Stages in Scotland. Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of The Royal Society of Edinburgh, 63(2), 221-264.
  3. Burnett, J. H. (1964). The vegetation of Scotland. The vegetation of Scotland.